Vitamins and its roles in your body

Vitamins and Minerals. Vitamins and minerals are essential substances that our bodies need to develop and function normally. Vitamins allow your body to grow and develop. They also play important roles in bodily functions such as metabolism, immunity and digestion. There are 13 essential vitamins, including vitamins A, C, D, E, and K and B vitamins such as riboflavin and folate. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the best way to meet your vitamin needs is to eat a balanced diet containing a variety of foods. If you can’t meet your needs through food alone, you may require dietary supplements.

Types of Vitamins

Vitamins are classified as fat-soluble or water-soluble, referring to where they are stored in the body. Fat-soluble vitamins include A, D, E and K and are stored for up to six months in your various fat stores. Water-soluble vitamins circulate through your blood and include the B vitamins, namely B-6, B-12, riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin and folate, and vitamin C. Your body doesn’t store water-soluble vitamins, so you must replenish them regularly.

Each of the 13 vitamins has a specific function, but they also work together to facilitate optimal health. Vitamin A supports healthy eyesight, immune function, skin, bones and teeth. You need vitamin C to support absorption of the mineral iron and also to provide immune protection and encourage healthy tissue development. Vitamin D, along with the mineral calcium, boosts bone health as well as a solid body defense system. Vitamin E facilitates your body’s use of vitamin K, which helps in blood clotting and bone health, as well as promotes the formation of essential red blood cells. The eight B vitamins support a healthy metabolism, brain function, hormone production, regular heart operations, functioning of the central nervous system and cell duties.

Vitamin B

B vitamins play a vital role in maintaining good health and well-being. As the building blocks of a healthy body, B vitamins have a direct impact on your energy levels, brain function, and cell metabolism.

Vitamin B complex helps prevent infections and helps support or promote:

  • cell health
  • growth of red blood cells
  • energy levels
  • good eyesight
  • healthy brain function
  • good digestion
  • healthy appetite
  • proper nerve function
  • hormones and cholesterol production
  • cardiovascular health
  • muscle tone

    Vitamin C

    Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a nutrient your body needs to form blood vessels, cartilage, muscle and collagen in bones. Vitamin C is also vital to your body’s healing process.

    Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect your cells against the effects of free radicals — molecules produced when your body breaks down food or is exposed to tobacco smoke and radiation from the sun, X-rays or other sources. Free radicals might play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases. Vitamin C also helps your body absorb and store iron.

Most people get enough vitamin C from a healthy diet. Vitamin C deficiency is more likely in people who:

  • Smoke or are exposed to secondhand smoking
  • Have certain gastrointestinal conditions or certain types of cancer
  • Have a limited diet that doesn’t regularly include fruits and vegetables


Vitamin E 

Vitamin E is a nutrient that’s important to vision, reproduction, and the health of your blood, brain and skin.

Vitamin E also has antioxidant properties. Antioxidants are substances that might protect your cells against the effects of free radicals — molecules produced when your body breaks down food or is exposed to tobacco smoke and radiation. Free radicals might play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases. If you take vitamin E for its antioxidant properties, keep in mind that the supplement might not offer the same benefits as naturally occurring antioxidants in food.

Turmeric Curcumin

What is Turmeric Curcumin?

Turmeric Curcumin has been used in India for thousands of years as both a spice and medicinal herb. Recently, science has started to back up traditional claims that turmeric contains compounds with medicinal properties. These compounds are called curcuminoids. The most important one is curcumin. Curcumin is the main active ingredient in turmeric. It has powerful anti-inflammatory effects and is a very strong antioxidant.

What are the benefits of Turmeric Curcumin?

Turmeric contains bioactive compounds with medicinal properties. Turmeric contains curcumin, a substance with powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Most studies use turmeric extracts that are standardized to include large amounts of curcumin.

Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory compound, which helps fight foreign invaders and has a role in repairing damage in your body. Chronic inflammation contributes to some common health conditions. Curcumin can suppress many molecules known to play major roles in inflammation, but its bioavailability needs to be enhanced.

Turmeric can increase the antioxidant capacity of the body. Oxidative damage is believed to be one of the mechanisms behind aging and many diseases. It involves free radicals, highly reactive molecules with unpaired electrons. Free radicals tend to react with important organic substances, such as fatty acids, proteins, or DNA. The main reason antioxidants are so beneficial is that they protect your body from free radicals. Curcumin is a potent antioxidant that can neutralize free radicals due to its chemical structure

Arthritis patients respond well to curcumin supplements. There are several different types of arthritis, most of which involve inflammation in the joints. Given that curcumin is a potent anti-inflammatory compound, it makes sense that it may help with arthritis.

Why VittaPharms Turmeric Curcumin? 

VittaPharms Turmeric Curcumin is specially formulated with 95% curcuminoids and Piperine, which are natural antioxidants that protect your body from free radicals. It helps with joint pain and improves digestion.

Curcumin is poorly absorbed into your bloodstream. In order to experience the full effects of curcumin, its bioavailability (the rate at which your body absorbs a substance) needs to improve. Therefore, VittaPharms Turmeric Curcumin contains Piperine, a natural substance that enhances the absorption of curcumin.

In fact, the best curcumin supplements contain piperine, and this makes them substantially more effective.

Curcumin is also fat soluble, which means it breaks down and dissolves in fat or oil. That’s why it may be a good idea to take curcumin supplements with a meal that’s high in fat.


Knee Support Advance

Chronic knee condition often occurs in older people as they age, especially in people who are 65 and older. A recent British study in the Journal Arthritis and Rheumatism has suggested that two-thirds of women aged from 50 and above often experience persistent or intermittent knee pain. In the USA, an approximate of 25% women and 16.5% of men, over 70 years old, have reported that knee pain is something that keeps bothering them and creating more discomfort in their daily activities.

What is the relation between aging and chronic knee pain? 

A medical director of the Spine and Sports Rehabilitation Center at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Joel Press, has shared that the elderlies have to fight with gravity on a regular basis. With the steps they take, there would be some wear and tear in the joint. Even though aging is just one of the factors contributing to the condition, some other reasons include:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Obesity 
  • Muscle Changes

About 14% of Americans with the age from 24 have osteoarthritis, which is caused by the breakdown of cartilage. As your knees are protected by cartilage, this breakdown would leave you more vulnerable to knee pain. The number would rise more steeply up to 34% with the age group from 65 and above. Hence, in most of the cases, older people suffer from osteoarthritis.  

Apart from that, as you gain weight due to aging and slower metabolism rates, the extra pounds would add up to the load and your knees have to bear with that factor. Along with that, being overweight is also a leading factor which contributes to the risks of developing osteoarthritis.

It is common for your muscles to shrink in size by roughly 40% as you age, consequently, losing strength. Hence, the muscles in hips and legs need to take up some of the force on your legs while walking and doing activities. This loss of muscular support contributes to higher vulnerability of knee pain and chronic knee conditions. 

Stay Strong and Healthy, lower the risks

You can prevent and lower the risks of developing chronic knee pain with the following steps:

  • Maintain a healthy weight and balanced diet 
  • Exercise more often 
  • Take supplement for your joint and knee care

VittaPharms KNEE SUPPORT ADVANCE (60s) has all what you need for chronic knee conditions, including Collagen Type II and Hyaluronic Acid, Boswellia, Chondroitin, MSM, Vitamin D. It helps and supports healthy connective tissues found on joints, renews cartilage and increases bioavailability for joint care.


Collagen For Joint Health

Ligaments, joints and tendons are all part of the intricate matrix in our body largely consisting of collagen. Ligaments and tendons are a type of connective tissue that attaches two bones and muscles, holding them together. These tissues — bones, ligaments, tendons and the skeletal muscles — are made up of proteins, including collagen. Therefore, joint health can be supported by incorporating collagen into your daily diet.

Collagen Type II is extremely important in our body, as the main component of cartilage and provides support to the skeletal system. Elderlies and active people, who need to rely on their joints, should take supplements containing type II Collagen into their diet.


Chondroitin is a substance that occurs naturally in the connective tissues of people and animals. It is known as one of the most sought after joint-supporting supplements available nowadays. As a supplement in higher doses than is found naturally, chondroitin is a popular treatment for osteoarthritis. Researchers suggested that chondroitin is effective towards reducing joint pain, increasing mobility and decreasing your need for painkillers. It also helps to rebuild cartilage naturally and bóots recovery of tissues after injury or exercise. 


Boswellia is an extract sourced from the gum resin produced by the Boswellia Serrata, commonly used in ayurveda. It is rich in boswellic acids, a substance that may have anti-inflammatory effects. 

Boswellia has received a fair bit of attention for its ability to reduce pain, inflammation and difficulties with movement in people suffering from arthritis and osteoarthritis. Numerous studies have confirmed its traditional use as a treatment for arthritis.


Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a natural compound used as a dietary supplement. It is believed to aid joint health by:


Improving joint disorder symptoms. MSM is frequently used to manage the symptoms of joint conditions such as osteoarthritis.
Minimizing joint damage. Through its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, MSM may help keep joints healthy.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a nutrient that is vital for bone health. Several studies show that low levels of vitamin D can cause increased joint and muscle pain. A deficiency of vitamin D causes bones to soften and become weak. This is called osteomalacia in adults. Vitamin D can also help prevent osteoporosis, which is another condition that weakens bones.


Causes of Poor Eyesight

While poor eyesight can, and of is, hereditary, there are habits you may have formed that will eventually lead to diminished vision. The following are some of the most common bad-for-you habits to cut back on.

  • Too much screen time (laptop, phones, tablets, etc)
  • Low water intake
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of sleep 
  • Rubbing eyes too often
  • Skipping out on eye exams
  • Not protecting eyes from sunlight 
  • Working for prolonged periods in dim light

    How can you improve your eyesight?

    There’s no quick fix for better eyesight. But, you can alter your diet to consume more Vitamin A and lutein which are both beneficial for vision. Try adding carrots, Brussel sprouts, sweet potatoes, and spinach to your meal plan. It won’t make changes overnight but it can help with seeing in low light and at night over time.

    Taking supplements would help to improve your vision. Clear Vision contains all the ingredients you need for such conditions, for instance, Saffron, Selenium, Bilberry Extract among others.

    Bilberry Extract has a rich concentration of antioxidants is generally one of the trademark benefits of bilberries. Antioxidants are plant compounds that help neutralize free radicals in the body capable of damaging important cellular components, which can lead to the development of an array of diseases. The anthocyanins are found mainly in the bilberry’s skin, and damage to the skin during harvesting can reduce anthocyanin content. The berry’s ripeness may also alter concentrations. On top of their potent antioxidant capacity, anthocyanins have also been shown to stabilize DNA, modify adipocyte (fat cell) gene expression, improve insulin secretion and sensitivity, and have antiapoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects.

    Selenium will prevent these cells from forming on the lens to better protect your vision. This mineral has also been linked to preventing glaucoma, which is caused by high pressure in the eye. Selenium and zinc work together to keep intraocular pressures low. Without selenium in the body, zinc cannot work properly to keep your vision healthy.

    Clear Vision also contains Zeaxanthin and Astaxanthin. While zeaxanthin has proven to be mainly beneficial for eye health, astaxanthin takes on a larger scope of health benefits. It, too, has been shown to protect the eyes, while also contributing to heart health, skin care, joint protection, cancer treatment, and immune responses.

    One of the biggest differences between zeaxanthin vs. astaxanthin is zeaxanthin, along with lutein, are the only carotenoids that accumulate in the retina. As a result, it’s largely beneficial to eye health by protecting the eyes from inflammation and free radicals.3 

    A zeaxanthin supplement also serves as a natural block against absorbing too much light energy, both from the sun’s UV rays and from blue light that emits off of electronic devices. A zeaxanthin supplement may help with a variety of eye-related conditions and diseases, including:

    • Eye strain and aging
    • Uveitis
    • Macular degeneration
    • Cataracts
    • Diabetic retinopathy

Super Omega 3 1000mg

Omega-3s are unsaturated fatty acids that play a key role in helping your cells, heart, lungs, immune system, and hormone system function properly. They’re also involved in reducing inflammation throughout your body.

And they’re considered essential: Your body can’t produce omega-3s, so you have to get them through food or supplements.

In the past 10 years, many Americans have turned to omega-3 fish oil supplements, which have benefits for healthy people and also those with heart disease.

Omega-3 fish oil contains both docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Omega-3 fatty acids are essential nutrients that are important in preventing and managing heart disease.

Findings show omega-3 fatty acids may help to:

  • Lower blood pressure
  • Reduce triglycerides
  • Slow the development of plaque in the arteries
  • Reduce the chance of abnormal heart rhythm
  • Reduce the likelihood of heart attack and stroke
  • Lessen the chance of sudden cardiac death in people with heart disease

The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends that everyone eats fish (particularly fatty, coldwater fish) at least twice a week. Salmon, mackerel, herring, sardines, lake trout, and tuna are especially high in omega-3 fatty acids. Whilst foods are your best bet for getting omega-3s in your diet, fish oil supplements are also available for those who do not like fish. The heart-healthy benefits of regular doses of fish oil supplements are unclear, so talk to your doctor to see if they’re right for you. If you have heart disease or high triglyceride levels, you may need even more omega-3 fatty acids. Ask your doctor if you should take higher doses of fish oil supplements to get the omega-3s you need.


VittaPharms Glucozip (60s)

Diabetes and its complications

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels are too high. Glucose comes from food and insulin is a hormone that is created in the body to help glucose get into cells to give them energy.

Diabetes is a huge and growing burden for many countries across the world. Globally, more than 400 million adults lived with the condition in 2015 and this number is expected to rise to above 640 million, or one in ten adults by 2040[1]. In Singapore, diabetes is a serious health concern, with over 400,000 Singaporeans living with the disease. One in three Singaporeans has a lifetime risk of getting diabetes and the number of those with diabetes is projected to reach one million by 2050, if current trends continue. In April 2016, MOH declared War on Diabetes to rally a whole-of-nation effort to reduce the burden of diabetes in our population and keep Singaporeans healthy as we age. 

There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition where a person can still produce insulin, but their body does not process it well. Prediabetes is the condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes can cause several health complications including eye problems such as glaucoma or cataract, kidney disease, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), skin complications, and foot complications. Diabetes can even lead to a heart attack, stroke, or need to remove a limb. Proper management of diabetes and regular check-ups can prevent many of these complications.

According to the most recent data from the International Diabetes Federation, about 8.8% of the world lives with diabetes as of 2019, about a 2.4% increase from 2010 (6.4%). This means that about 415 million people around the world are living with diabetes. This is expected to increase to 642 million by 2040. 


Type 2 diabetes is preventable. Changes to lifestyle and dietary preferences can reduce one’s risk of getting diabetes. The Health Promotion Board (HPB) has launched several initiatives to encourage the adoption of healthier meal options. In addition, you can take health supplements to support and prevent Diabetes Type 2.

VittaPharms Glucozip helps to maintain a healthy sugar level with Nopal Extract as one of the main ingredients, which has been used traditionally by Native Mexicans for a multitude of benefits. Glucozip’s Patented Formula of Extracting and Filtering the Best of Nopal Cactus Ensures that the Product is of Optimum Quality.

Nopal Cactus has been one of the exotic plants, which can increase your metabolism and help you reduce your body fat when using it wisely. You will be also amazed by the potential benefits of nopal cactus to your health, including cholesterol and glucose blood levels. The benefits for Nopal Cactus include:

  • Weight loss and increase metabolism rates, as it gives your gut more fiber and water to make you feel full. The inhibition of ghrelin (an appetite hormone) in your blood, can also have beneficial effects on your diet and help you lose weight. Opuntia plants also contain less saturated fat and cholesterol, while vitamin B6, thiamine, and riboflavin may equally increase the fat burning combined with some daily exercise.
  • Enhances your digestion process – as Nopal Cactus and its green pads are rich in fiber, which in turn helps your gut to digest food faster and easier. The mobility of your intestine can be improved and symptoms of constipation are relieved (depending on yoru diet profile). 
  • Finally, there is a strong correlation between low blood cholesterol levels and high fiber consumption, which is another benefit of consuming Nopal Cactus supplements regularly.
  • Reduces blood sugar levels


Statistics have predicted that by the year 2035, a third of Singaporeans will be aged 65 or above. This is a worrying trend as more Singaporeans age, age related diseases start to catch up with them, a major one being dementia. Which brings us to an important point, our memory. There are three types of memory, namely, working memory, which refers to the structures and processes for temporarily storing and using information, short-term memory, which allows us to remember and process information at the same time, and finally long-term memory, where we store our treasured memories like our birthdays. It is hard to imagine a world without memory and how we will be without them, the feeling of not being able to reminiscence our most treasured times. Therefore, supplements may be a way to improve your memory, and we here at Vitta Pharms are here to help you. One of the major ingredients in our product is L-Glutamine, which has certain evidence that it is able to modulate the activity of N-methyl-D-aspartate(NMDA) receptors, a system heavily involved in memory formation. Another ingredient involved are Hawthorn berries, which can enhance poor memory and boost brain function by improving circulation of blood within the head and increasing the amount of oxygen flowing to the brain. This herb is known for its long term effects as its active constituents do not produce rapid results. Finally, the last key ingredient is Ginkgo Biloba extract. Some studies have suggested that Ginkgo Biloba extract has the properties of improving brain functions like thinking and memory. Other than taking supplements, getting enough sleep everyday is crucial to our cognitive function, so start taking care of your brain today!

C-ing the benefits of Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid, or what we all know as vitamin C, is a water-soluble vitamin that cannot be produced on its own by our body. Sound familiar? Yes, vitamin C has similar properties as our B vitamins. It can be naturally found in many fruits and vegetables that we eat. The question is, are we eating enough fruits and vegetables to reap the numerous benefits of vitamin C? Read on to find out the benefits of vitamin C. 

Vitamin C is a very powerful antioxidant. It helps to protect our cells against damage caused by free radicals, by neutralising them in our body before they pose any harm to our body systems. What exactly are free radicals? Free radicals are unstable molecules that our body produces when processing our foods, such as digesting and metabolizing. Additionally, they are also produced by our body when we are exposed to radiations such as UV rays, and carcinogens like tobacco and smoke. When we have too many free radicals, they can cause harm to our healthy cells and bodily functions. This is when, our vitamin C play a part by preventing or slowing down the damage caused by the free radicals.  

Vitamin C also promotes collagen production. Collagen is the connective tissue that holds bones and muscles together. As we age, our collagen production decreases naturally, so vitamin C comes in handy! Collagen allows our skin to be tight, plump, and smooth. The secret to healthier and younger-looking skin is out! Moreover, Vitamin C plays an important role in wound healing, and repairing our tissues, helping to promote even skin tone and reduces pigmentation and redness. 

Due to certain circumstances, eating a balanced diet may become a challenge for some of us in Singapore. Know someone who does not like eating fruits and vegetables? Share this article with them now. 

Vitamin B Complex (Nerve Structure and Metabolism)


Before we look into the benefits of vitamin B for our nervous system and metabolism, we first have to understand what the nervous system is and also what metabolism is. To put it simply, the nervous system is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells known as neurons which transmit signals between different parts of the body. For example, when someone touches something hot, the neurons would transmit that information to the brain and the brain would then transmit information to our muscles to move our hand away from it. Without the nervous system, we would have no sense of touch. Metabolism can be explained simply by separating it into two categories, catabolism which breaks molecules down to obtain energy and anabolism, which synthesizes compounds that are needed by cells. These two are vital components to the body and therefore we should maintain them.

The B vitamins that maintain our nerve structure are B1,B5, B6 and B12. Vitamin B1 helps by reducing pain and inflammation levels, while also preventing cellular damage. Vitamin B5 regulates the autonomic nervous system by producing neurotransmitters, which transmits messages within the nervous system. Vitamins B6 helps with the covering of our nerve endings, which are the million points on the surface of our body that send messages to our brain when we feel sensations like heat,cold and pain. Finally, the body requires vitamin B12, a deficiency of which will cause peripheral neuropathy. The vitamins mentioned above are also associated with maintaining metabolism to help convert the nutrients we get from the food we consume into energy to fuel our body. B1, B5 and B12 enable the body to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins and fats more effectively, therefore allowing us to obtain more energy.

Vitamin B Complex (Neurological Function)

You might think that vitamin B is just like any other vitamin you heard of, but it is in fact not. Vitamin B complex comprises of 8 B vitamins, namely, B1(thiamine), B2(riboflavin), B3(niacin), B5(pantothenic acid), B6(pyridoxine), B7(biotin), B9(folic acid), B12(cobalamin). These vitamins all have their unique individual benefits, such as promoting the growth of red blood cells, increasing energy levels, improving neurological function and the nervous system. A human’s neurological function is essential because the brain controls our actions and reaction, and enables us to actively think and feel. A poorly developed brain can hinder learning and have detrimental effects on the body, therefore, it is important to maintain nutrition in our body. However, sometimes, we do not get enough nutritions from the foods we eat, that is why we take supplements to compensate for the nutrients we are lacking. People in Singapore are especially susceptible to this due to our lifestyles and diet choices.

In vitamin B complex, vitamin B1 promotes healthy growth and function of organs like the brain to improve neurological functions. Vitamin B5 is essential for the health of our brain and also our nervous system as it helps with boosting our memory. Another B vitamin that promotes neurological function is vitamin B6 which has the property of making new red blood cells for the body. As many may know, red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. With more red blood cells, more oxygen can be delivered to the brain, which will promote health of the brain and allow the brain to work more actively. Vitta Pharms vitamin B complex supplement provides you with your daily supply of vitamin B, so get yours today!

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